Adderall is a drug, approved in 1996 as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Adderall is a Schedule II central nervous stimulant and appetite suppressant. Its Schedule II designation indicates that it has a strong potential for abuse.
In February of 2006, the FDA reported a a possible link between Adderall and heart attacks, high blood pressure and sudden death.
The FDA's advisory committee also voted to require the label for the ADHD drug Ritalin as well as Adderall to contain a black box warning. The warning informs consumers of the serious risks of sudden death.
Adderall is a combination of two of amphetamine salts and two salts of dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine).
The effect of combining the drugs is to make Adderall safer than any of the individual amphetamines.
Each salt has a different rate of metabolism and time before it is eliminated by the body. This also allows the drug to be more effective over an extended period of time.
Adderall is prescribed to treat ADHD along with methylphenidate, the ingredient in Ritalin.
Methylphenidate is now available as Daytrana, a slow releasing patch for children 6 -12 years of age. Will Adderall be next?
Adderall also represses appetite and so is a drug often abused by anorexics.
Adderall has been around for over ten years and prescribed to over 50 million people, many of whom do not suffer from ADHD.
The enormous number of people on Adderall is due to the short term effects of improved cognitive function. Their long-term effects however remain unknown.
There appears to be no harm associated with short-term use.
Adderhall and Ritalin are abused by high school and college students. It is today’s generation’s drug of choice. It is promoted as a drug that promotes academic enhancement. Steroids for the brain! It is also the drug of choice for busy mothers.
They abuse these drugs to manage their day or lose weight, or prepare for examinations or just to get high.
These drugs demonstrate that a serious problem is brewing among our children.
Students report self-medicating with eight pills a day, selling them for cash and trading drugs for textbooks.
This use of Adderall is an exploding health problem. Its effect on the brain results in a high degree of mental acuity and ability to maintain focus. It helps students complete assignments making them beneficial to academic success.
Adderall abuse does not seem to trouble parents or educators.
Young adults often fake symptoms so they can be diagnosed with this condition. Their reward is an Adderall prescription. Over 4 million students are dependent on these drugs.
How long before its abuse potential forces the FDA to ban it or make it available to all?
History is littered with examples of drug introduction, followed by abuse and subsequent restriction.
Adderall contains four amphetamines, that’s four times the assault on brain neurons, heart muscle and liver cells.