Amphetamine stands for (alpha methyl phenyl ethyl amine).
Due to its strong stimulatinf effect on the central nervous system, amphetamine is prescribed to treat narcolepsy (a condition in which individuals repeatedly lapse into sleep).
They are also prescribed for the two attention deficit disorders (ADD and ADHD).
These disorders are over-diagnosed in children who are inattentive and impatient.
Many students obtain these drugs to improve academic standing.
Amphetamine accentuates the ‘fight or flight’ response to stress. It increases blood sugar and blood flow to muscles.
This is due to amphetamines binding with catecholamine receptors. This also cause an increase in blood pressure and a reflex lowering of the heart rate.
However, it is the effect pf amphetamines in the brain that possess the greatest danger to good health.
Amphetamines are strong appetite suppressants based on the drug’s binding with satiety receptors in the hypothalamus to simulate satisfaction.
The abuse potential and significant side effects of amphetamines precluded its use as a method to lose weight. Not to loose out on its potential, another use was discovered by the drug's makers.
Through an alteration in delivery (the creation of Adderall), amphetamines have been made more acceptable, more effective and possibly even more addictive.
Is the enhanced cerebral functioning that the drug produces good for an individual?
Are the goals of better grades and improved job performance more important than long-term health?
The answer in my opinion in both cases is no.
Amphetamines are structurally similar to the neurotransmitter, norepinephrine and brain neurotransmitter, dopamine.
Amphetamines work by prolonging synaptic activity.
Amphetamine, methamphetamine and dextroamphetamine, are all similar in the effects they produce .
Amphetamines are physically and psychologically addictive and cause psychiatric and cardiovascular problems.
Abusers of amphetamine drugs claim that it improves all aspects of life. In addition to enhanced focus and concentration sought for academic reasons, other abusers report sexual and spiritual revelations and still others who claim to hallucinate with the drug.
The increased activity that amphetamines cause in the brain, while improving short-term memory, creates many imbalances, free radicals and damaged receptors that impair long-term health. These effects may not be realized for decades.
In addition, other forms of amphetamines include ecstasy otherwise known as MDMA (3,4-methylene dioxy methamphetamine).
Ecstasy is a cross between a psychostimulant and a mild hallucinogen. It is structurally related to mescaline and was first synthesized early in the twentieth century by the then fledgling German pharmaceutical company, Merck.
Ecstasy promotes the feeling of empathy and inner peace. It is often sold at Rave events by dance-floor pharmacologists. Users claim to feel ‘connected’ and enlightened as well as euphoria, clarity, and self-insight.
Ecstasy heightens the powers of concentration and focus. This initial drug-induced epiphany, fades with frequent use.
Methamphetamine produces the strongest effect on the central nervous system where it produces the increased feeling of power and alertness that users of the drug enjoy.
Methamphetamines not only elevate mood and instill a feeling of euphoria, but they also provide a reduced perception of fatigue. They convince the brain it can manage.
Methamphetamines like amphetamine is structurally similar to the neurotransmitter dopamine and norepinephrine.
Methamphetamine promotes the release of dopamine and norepinephrine from their storage vesicles and hinders their deactivation. The end result of which is to prolong the activity of these natural neurotransmitter.
The excess of dopamine that builds up in the synapse produce feelings of pleasure and euphoria.
The excess of norepinephrine is responsible for the increased alertness and anti-fatigue effects of amphetamines.
Methamphetamine, called speed or meth on the street, is snorted, injected, swallowed, and smoked as ice or crank. Its use has reached epidemic proportions with emergency rooms treating victims from ‘rave parties’.
Excluding alcohol, meth use among Americans is second to marijuana. The effects of methamphetamine are far more harmful than the herb. Its chronic binge and crash pattern, preferred by today’s abusers, is particularly dangerous.
The drug produces euphoria within minutes and begins to cause agitation shortly thereafter. The addictive potential of methamphetamine can not be overstated. It is a growing problem that will only be eradicated when better choices are made by individuals, not by improved enforcement and prosecution.
In addition to its prescription only status, methamphetamine is routinely manufactured in basement laboratories and sold at trendy parties and clubs.
Restricting the sale of chemicals required in their synthesis has failed to stem illicit production. Bootleggers will always be able to find new ways to satisfy the appetite of today’s drugies.
Breaking Bad is a TV series that tells the story of a teacher in need of money to pay for for his cancer treatment. He then uses his expertise as a scientist to manufacture and distribute methamphetamine to kids.
GenX discovered ecstasy, ketamine and GHB, Baby-Boomers fondly remember methaqualone, LSD and black beauties.
Not to be cut out of the game they invented, pharmaceutical companies have found a way to to get in on the amphetamine and mood altering business.
Today’s twenty-somethings or GenerationY are prescribed serotonin reuptake inhibitors like Prozac to improve their mood or Adderall, a psychostimulant cocktail, composed of four amphetamines to improve academic performance.
Adderall is today’s generation’s drug of choice. The difference is that they are taking it with their doctors and parents blessing.
Adderall is very addictive.
Adderall, according to many of the drug’s abusers, is the most satisfying and addictive substance they have ever tried.
It is not uncommon for a month’s supply of the drug to be consumed in a matter of days or for an Adderall-addict to maintain their high for months without missing a day of abuse.